According to ILO’s latest data, the world current labour child force comprises 215 million children, with 50% of them are forced to work in the most terrible conditions, which create long-term negative psychological, mental & physical impacts on these children. The worst forms of labour child include slave and slave-like works, child trafficking, use children as in-kind payment of debt, children are forced to take part in military services like adult solders, child prostitution, and use of children in illegal activities such as drug production or trafficking, forced child labour in horrible working conditions.
In Vietnam since 1990 with the promulgation of the Anti-child labour legal documents, the country has carried out a number of projects and programs aimed at total elimination of child labour. At the same time, Vietnam has signed and ratified a significant amount of international conventions against child labour. Despite these activities, the number of children take part in working activities from 2008 has increased. This has become an emerging tendency in some other Asian countries such as the Philippines and Indonesia. Actually, child labour has become a worldwide problem.
As of June 2012 report, Vietnam has over 30,000 children working in hazardous and dangerous conditions; however, it is believed that the actual figure should be much higher.
The Director of the Department of Child Protection & Care (MOLISA) points out those working children could create some income to their families, and in some way could increase to some extent the awareness of children on the value of labour, their pro-activeness in life. However, child labour will definitely creates negative impacts on quality of nation’s future labour force, and on the development of children, in physical, psychological, spiritual, attitude terms. There are potential risks that working children may become future burden for both families and society as a whole, and thus creating constraints against social development which requires huge resource, including finance, to settle possible consequences.
Dr Nguyen Hai Huu confirms that to eliminate child labour, Vietnam needs to plan an integrated prevention and & intervention program to support the working children. Along with the support, Vietnam should gradually issue necessary legislative documents to reach to aim of total elimination of any forms of child labour, especially children working in hazardous and dangerous conditions in all economic sectors, including the informal one, at all geographic locations, at all child ages especially children in schooling ages as specified in the law of universal education.
Representatives of DELISAs of 13 provinces also participate in this first consultation workshop. Delegates shall discuss and debate implementation methodologies and road map of the child labour elimination program, as well as how to prevent and intervene child labour problems and how to assist children who have to work by any reasons.